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The Walls of Constantinople

Stephen Turnbull




AD 324-1453


The walls of Constantinople are the greatest surviving example of European medieval military architecture. They withstood numerous sieges until finally being overcome by the artillery of Mehmet the Conqueror, and exist today as a time capsule of Byzantine and Medieval history.


This book examines the main defensive system protecting the landward side of the city, which consisted of three parallel walls about five miles long. The walls defended the city against intruders, including Attila the Hun, before they were breached by European knights during the Fourth Crusade in 1204 and, ultimately, destroyed by Turkish artillery in 1453.



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